how to season cast iron

How to season cast iron4

While on the train to work the other day, I overheard an older man giving a woman some tips on seasoning cast iron. My ears perked right up because at home I had not one but four new cast iron pans fresh off our wedding registry just waiting to be seasoned. According to this rather intelligent sounding gentleman, the best oil for seasoning cast iron is flaxseed because it’s food grade and, when heated above its smoke point, it polymerizes – a word I never thought I’d say again after passing organic chemistry. Polymerization is apparently what creates that durable, nonstick coating. Other oils or fats may work alright but comparatively, the nonstick seasoning doesn’t perform or hold up as well. It turns out, he was right.

Inspired by my newly acquired knowledge, I traipsed into Whole Foods to pick up a bottle of flaxseed oil over the weekend. After 20 minutes of looking in the wrong aisle of the grocery store, and pausing for a moment to get over the sticker shock once I did find it, I decided the $12 was a worthy investment. After all, cast iron is fairly inexpensive and should last a lifetime or more if well cared for. After envisioning flecks of flaxseed stuck to my pan, I went for the filtered oil but apparently unfiltered works just as well if not better. Those flecks were clearly a product of my imagination. Also, flaxseed oil is refrigerated and sold as a dietary supplement so you won’t find it next to the olive and canola oils.

I got home, cranked my oven to 475F per the chemistry professor’s advice, and brushed each pan with a light coating of oil, inside and out, making sure there were no globs or drips anywhere on the surface. Then I baked the you-know-what out of them for one hour, let them cool completely in the oven and repeated this process six times over the course of the weekend.

How to season cast iron6

Unfortunately this process can’t be rushed and stinks up the entire house like a self-cleaning oven. I recommend doing it on a weekend you can open up all the windows, turn on a fan and do yard work or backyard DIY projects while your pans bake. It’s a labor of love and you’ll probably be tempted to stop at three or four, but go for all six coats. Your pans will have a durable matte finish at the end and should last years without much more than another coat of flaxseed oil and hour in the oven every now and then.

Happy seasoning!

PS. For those of you who need a re-do, a previous article from the same cast iron connoisseur about stripping & cleaning old, rusty cast iron pans.

Cast Iron: Love it too? I’m convinced food just tastes better when cooked in cast iron.

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  • Cast iron is pretty tricky to work with and I JUST figured out how to clean it (not with water!!), so I’m pretty excited to keep this one pampered pan in the family for a good long while. I will also have to grab a bottle of flax oil for re-seasoning! Thanks for this post!!

  • LOVE this post! I am in need of a new cast iron pan and now I know what to do with it!
    PS. I envy you for passing Organic Chem…I am currently taking it and want to cry after every lecture.

  • We seasoned ours with flax oil after consulting the internet, and I love it! We use this pan more than any other kitchen utensil, and it’s a joy to cook with.

  • Just in time! I also put cast iron pans on my registry thinking that, since they are so durable, I would have at least a life time to figure out how to properly care for them. It takes a bit of courage to bypass the convenience of nonstick, but it’s better than lying awake at night wondering what toxic chemicals are seeping into my food. (Not that I do that or anything…) Thanks for this post!